Ultimate Solutions to Resolve MS SQL Server Error 2

Media Team | Modified: 2019-10-31T05:18:13+00:00 | News, Recovery, SQL Server, Tips|

Have you ever wonder that you are in a hurry and has to make changes in SQL database but, you end up on an error?

Certainly, It is not less than a nightmare.

The similar condition happens when users try to use SQL Server with the help of Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio and get the following error –

A network-related or instance-specific error occurred while establishing a connection to SQL Server. The server was not found or was not accessible. Verify that the instance name is correct and that the SQL Server is configured to allow remote connections. (provided: Named Pipes Provider, error: 40- Could not open a connection to the SQL Server) (Microsoft SQL Server, Error: 2).

It is a disturbing scenario where the user needs to connect with database and get the SQL Server Management error. Without resolving this technical glitch, you cannot use the database in SSMS. Thus considering the users’ situation, we come up with this article. Here, we will describe some workarounds that let you know how to solve Microsoft SQL Server Error 2 step-by-step. Along with this, we will also illustrate the reason behind this SSMS error.

So, let’s get started!!

Microsoft SQL Server Error 2 Could Not Open Connection : Potential Reasons

In the subsequent section, all the factors that are responsible for SSMS Error i.e., A network-related or instance-specific error occurred while establishing a connection to SQL Server discussed below.

  1. It might be possible that SQL Server Services are disabled that created an issue while connecting to SQL Server Management Studio.
  2. Check whether you are using right SQL Server instance name at the time of connection.
  3. SQL Administrator does not provide permission to Allow remote connection.
  4. It is also possible that SQL Server Management Studio using the incorrect port number. That is why user will get the MS SQL Server Error 2.
  5. The SQL Server Browser service is not enabled under the SQL Server Configuration Manager.
  6. It also happens, the port on which SQL Server is running, is blocked by system firewall.
  7. The Named Pipes protocol is disabled in SQL Server Configuration Manager. Originally, the Named Pipes is a type of protocol developed for Local Area Networks in order to communicate between two processes.

After understanding the factors behind this error, let’s go through the techniques to fix the SQL Server Error 2 of SSMS.

Microsoft SQL Server Error 2 Solutions – 100% Working

It is important to analyze the correct reason behind the SSMS error. After knowing the reason, execute the workaround according to it.

Method #1: Enable the SQL Server Services

Step 1: Initially, press the Windows key along with R key in order to open the Run box.

Step 2: Input the ‘compmgmt.msc’ under the Open box as shown in the screenshot. Then, click on OK to execute it.

Step 3: From Computer Management window, click on Services and Applications >> SQL Server Configuration.

Step 4: Afterward, opt for SQL Server Services from the preview pane.

Step 5: Once you select the option, the 6 different services of SQL Server available on the screen along with its State.

Step 6: At last, you need to start the services.

Method #2: Enable TCP/IP Network Protocol for SQL Server 2014 / 2016 / 2017

Step 1: From Computer Management window, click on Services and Applications >> SQL Server Configuration Manager >> SQL Native Client 11.0 Configuration (32 bit).

Step 2: Under SQL Native Client 11.0 Configuration (32 bit) option, opt for Client Protocols option. By doing this, you will see the three protocols – Shared Memory, TCP/IP, Named Pipes. If anyone is disabled make them enabled. For this, right-click on any protocol and click on Enable.

Step 3: Try to connect with SQL Server via SQL Server Management Studio and see whether the Microsoft SQL Server Error 2 get resolved or not.

Method #3: Provide Permission of Allow Remote Connections

Step 1: Open Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio. Here, we are using SSMS 2014 on Windows 10 OS.

Step 2: Go to the Server Name under the Object Explorer. Afterward, right-click on it and opt for Properties.

Step 3: Under Server Properties window, go to the Connections section and check the box corresponding to Allow remote connections to this server. Then, hit the OK button to resolve SSMS error 2.

Bringing It All Together

If for any reason – users face the Microsoft SQL Server Error 2 Cannot Connect to Local in SSMS then, try the above-mentioned workarounds. Although, many times SQL Server error arises due to corruption in MDF file. In such a situation, try the SysTools SQL Database Recovery Software. Hence, it is a complete guide that let users know how to fix MS SQL Error 2 on the Windows platform.

Frequently Asked Question of Users

Q – How do I allow SQL Server to allow remote connections ?

A – To enable remote location, do this.
1. Connect to SQL Server Management Studio.
2. Right-click your server’s name and opt Properties.
3. check the box adjacent to Allow remote connections to this server and click OK.

Q – Why am I getting a network related or instance specific error in SQL Server 2017 ?

A – Check whether all your SQL Server services are enable or not.

Q – How do I fix Microsoft SQL Server error 2 named pipes provider error 40 ?

A – You should enable your SQL Server services and TCP/IP network protocol. Still, it is not fix then, allow the remote location.

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