How to Fix Recovery Pending State in SQL Server Database: Complete Tutorial

Tej Pratap Shukla | Modified: 2020-05-07T06:05:21+00:00 | SQL Server, Tips|

Fix Recovery Pending State in SQL Server Database

Looking a solution for – How to fix SQL database in recovery mode? If yes, then relax! Go through this article, and know the factor responsible for Recovery Pending State in SQL Server Database. And learn step-by-step instructions on how to bring database Online from Recovery Pending in SQL Server 2014 / 2016 / 2012 /2017 in the simplest way.

As we know, MS SQL Server is one of the amazing relational database management system. Like other databases, it also has some issues such as Recovery Pending state. The people who are working with Microsoft SQL Server has faced this problem multiple times while working with the database. That is why we came up with this post. In this article, we are going to describe the suitable workaround for how to fix SQL Server database stuck in recovery pending.

Topics to be Covered in this Article:

  • SQL Server Recovery Pending State Cause
  • Solutions to Resolve Recovery mode
  • Conclusion

So, let’s Begin!

Why Database in Recovery Pending State in SQL Server 2012 Happens?

In simple terms, due to some factors, the SQL become unable to access the database and undergoes into Recovery Pending mode. It simply means that user cannot use the SQL database further and unable to lock the files too. It seems like offline database situation. There are various reasons that causes SQL Server database stuck in Recovery state after reboot or restart action.

  • When the space allocated for desired database gets full
  • Unexpected shutdown of SQL Server Management Studio
  • Perform recovery operation from a corrupted backup file

Note: In such a situation, when the MDF file gets corrupted and due to which database shows Recovery Pending state, then you can try SysTools SQL MDF Repair Tool. It is an advanced utility that fixes corrupted MDF file into the healthy one. Also, export the repaired file directly into SQL Server environment without any fail. So, provide your database MDF file that shows Recovery Pending state in software and it will provide you a healthy file in your database. 

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How to Fix Recovery Pending State in SQL Server Database – Full Guide

In the following section, we will describe two workarounds that use to fix Recovery Pending in SQL Server 2016 / 2014 or in other editions too. Both the solutions are free and not required assistance of any other applications. Here, we are going to use inbuilt repair command in SSMS. All you need to do is to execute all the queries sequentially and carefully. Let’s get started!

#Approach 1: Remove Recovery Pending State Without DBCC CHECKDB

Basically, this workaround is a multi-step process and all of them are described below. Make sure you have enough amount of time to run these queries.

Step 1: Set up Database in Emergency Mode

First of all, you need to make a database in emergency mode. For this, just type the following query in SSMS and execute it.


Step 2: Set SQL Database in Multi-User Mode

Run the below-mentioned SQL query in console to set database in multi-user mode.


Step 3: Time to Detach the Database

After successful execution of above query, you need to run this command.

EXEC sp_detach_db ‘[db_name]’

Step 4: Connect MDF File

At last, use this query to fix the Recovery Pending status database.

EXEC sp_attach_single_file_db @db_name = ‘[db_name]’,
@physname = N ‘[mdf_path]

#Approach 2: Use DBCC CHECKDB to Resolve Recovery Pending in SQL Server Issue

In case if the above solution cannot fix the issue, then you can try this workaround. In this method, we will use inbuilt SQL Server DBCC CHECKDB query to repair Recovery state.





After the execution of above queries, the database marked as Read Only status due to emergency mode. With this method, the database bring online from Recovery Pending state in SQL Server.

Also Read: The user can also read this post to know how to repair SQL database


In this article, we have answered the most awaited query –How to Fix Recovery Pending State in SQL Server Database without any fail. You can try any of the above mentioned workaround and resolve the Recovery Pending state mode in Microsoft SQL Server 2019 / 2017 / 2016 / 2014 / 2012 / 2008 / 2008 R2 / 2005.  The user can try the manual methods to resolve the SQL Server database stuck in recovery pending state If the problem is still there then the user can take the help of automated solution to resolve this issue. 

Frequently Asked Questions –

Q – How to remove Recovery Pending Status in SQL Server?

A – This error occurs because of missing of MDF & LDF files. So, it is good to use SQL Recovery Software that upload the MDF file which shows Recovery Pending mode and export a healthy file in your existing SQL Server database.

Q – How to bring database Online from Recovery pending in SQL Server?

A – You can try this SQL query – ALTER DATABASE MyDB SET ONLINE.

Q – How can I know that my database undergoes Recovery Pending mode?

A – Under the Object Explorer, the Recovery Pending written just corresponding to the database in the brackets.

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